Outcomes & Data
It is critical that comprehensive school mental health systems (CSMHS) collect, evaluate and disseminate information on their CSMHS effectiveness on academic and emotional/behavioral outcomes and sustainability factors to a wide range of stakeholders. Academic outcomes may include grades, attendance, office referrals/suspensions/expulsions, performance test scores and achievement or benchmark test scores. Emotional/behavioral outcomes may include emotional/behavioral health screenings and assessments, behavioral observations, crisis incidents and school climate data. Sustainability factors may include shared system collaboration, public policy impact, return on investment and economic impact and system quality improvement.
A clear system to collect and analyze these data allows systems to track CSMHS effectiveness over time. These data should then be shared regularly (e.g., quarterly or semi-annually) with key stakeholder groups including youth, families, school and community partners and existing or potential funders.
Data and Outcomes Resources
Additional resources to guide the collection of data and relevant outcomes can be found on the screening and assessment resource section
Module #4: Evidence-Based Practices, Implementation Science, Data-Informed Decision Making, and Program Evaluation
This module covers a variety of topics related to the science behind effective community-partnered school behavioral health programs.
In chapter 4, Dr. Cunningham presents School Behavioral Health Program Evaluation 101. She reviews the purpose, goals, and types of program evaluation. Dr. Cunningham applies this information to a tutorial on how school behavioral health programs can use existing and new data to report process and outcome evaluation questions.
The SHAPE System includes a Resource Center of additional guides, tip sheets, and online learning opportunities to help schools, districts and states advance their school mental health quality and sustainability.